Lithium Battery Knowledge
(1). How many charging ways are there for rechargeable batteries?
(2). what is the standard battery charge and discharge?
(3). pulse charging on battery performance have any effect?
(4). what is trickle charge?
(5). what is charging efficiency?
1. what is the rated capacity of the battery
2. what is the battery discharge residual capacity
3. what is the nominal voltage of the battery, open circuit voltage, midpoint voltage, termination voltage
A lithium-ion battery or Li-ion battery (abbreviated as LIB) is a type of rechargeable battery in which lithium ions move from the negative electrode to the positive electrode during discharge and back when charging. Li-ion batteries use an intercalated lithium compound as one electrode material, compared to the metallic lithium used in a non-rechargeable lithium battery. The electrolyte, which allows for ionic movement, and the two electrodes are the constituent components of a lithium-ion battery cell.
LiPo batteries (short for Lithium Polymer) are a type of rechargeable battery that has taken the electric RC world by storm, especially for planes, helicopters, and multi-rotor/drone.
1- Capacity: higher capacity means longer use time, if its for mobile phone, you can talk for more hours, and you can play more games, listen more songs Before you need to charge again.
2- Internal Impedance: High impedance can cause quick exhausting of power, itself can be a hidden reason of working current, the higher it is, the quicker the voltage will drop down.
Generally there are three most popular charging ways as below:
1-CC charging(Constant current)
The charging current keeps the same at a certain amount during the whole charging process, Most rechargeable batteries charge this way.
Lithium Polymer batteries (henceforth referred to as “LiPo” batteries), are a newer type of battery now used in many consumer electronics devices. They have been gaining in popularity in the radio control industry over the last few years, and are now the most popular choice for anyone looking for long run times and high power.
As a new lithium ion battery, it can gain its best performance only after twice or three times 100% DOD(depth of discharge) cycles. BENZO Energy recommend to charge 4 hours in the first three cycles, and don’t charge it for over 12 hours as traditional NiMH battery and NiCd battery. Because most rechargeable lithium batteries have protection circuit PCB/BMS, when its fully charged, the PCB will stop charging to protect it, it means its no use to charge any more if its full. Begin with the fourth time, you can charge one hour more after the indication of being fully charged.